Introduction to the Handpan: A Musical Phenomenon

Have you ever encountered the enchanting sound of a handpan? This mesmerizing musical instrument, with its UFO-like appearance and steel handpan construction, has a way of capturing the hearts and ears of audiences around the globe. Its hypnotic sound, a blend of resonant tones and rhythmic patterns, creates an auditory experience that is both soothing and invigorating. The handpan’s unique sound profile has made it a beloved instrument in various musical genres, from ambient soundscapes to rhythmic world music.

Let’s spice up our article by playing some handpan music in the background. It’s got this cool, calming vibe that’ll make the whole reading experience more enjoyable.

That’s awesome! I’ve been playing the hang drum for years now, and every time I hear this particular composition, I get goosebumps. It’s just stunning. I actually wrote this article with this specific composition on loop – it just sets the perfect mood for writing.

Ok, let’s dive back in and keep the momentum going with our article.

The handpan’s origins trace back to the hang drum, a term often used but not entirely accurate. The Hang, developed in Bern, Switzerland, by Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer of Panart, was the precursor to what we now know as the handpan. This innovative instrument was born from a fusion of concepts inspired by the steel drum of Trinidad and the ghatam of India. Its creation marked the beginning of a new era in the world of percussion instruments, leading to the evolution of the handpan into a diverse family of instruments. Each type of handpan offers a distinct sonic experience, characterized by a variety of scales, tones, and timbres, making every handpan unique in its musical expression.

Steel drum of Trinidad

Handpan (Hang Family)

As the handpan has evolved, so has its role in the world of music and beyond. It’s not just an instrument; it’s a medium for artistic expression and a source of deep, meditative soundscapes. The handpan appeals to a wide range of listeners, from professional musicians to those seeking a personal, spiritual connection with music. Its ability to produce a range of sounds, from deep, mellow tones to bright, shimmering notes, allows for a rich and varied auditory experience. This versatility has led to the handpan becoming a staple in various settings, from intimate acoustic performances to larger, more vibrant musical gatherings, captivating listeners with its otherworldly sound.

So what is a handpan?

A handpan is a musical instrument made of steel, resembling a UFO in shape, and played by hand. It produces melodious and resonant tones, creating a hypnotic sound experience.

The Birth of the Hang (Drum)

The story of the handpan is a tale of innovation and cultural fusion, beginning in the picturesque city of Bern, Switzerland. Here, in the early 2000s, Felix Rohner and Sabina Schärer of Panart embarked on a journey that would forever change the landscape of percussive music. Their brainchild, the Hang (often mislabeled as the “hang drum”), emerged as a groundbreaking new instrument, a symbol of musical evolution. This creation was not just a new addition to the world of music; it was a bridge between different cultures and traditions, blending the rhythmic charm of the steel pan from Trinidad with the earthy, resonant tones of the Indian ghatam.

Here’s what they sound like:

Steel drum of Trinidad
The ghatam of India

The Hang’s design was a marvel of acoustic engineering. Crafted from two convex steel sheets, meticulously glued together, it embodied both simplicity and complexity. The top shell of the Hang, known as the “Ding,” featured a center note, the heart of the instrument’s sound, surrounded by a circle of seven or more additional notes, each contributing to a rich, harmonic musical scale. This unique arrangement allowed for a range of melodic play and rhythmic exploration, making the Hang not just an instrument, but a canvas for musical expression.

On the underside of the Hang was the bottom shell, often referred to as the “Gu.” This part of the instrument, resembling the shape of a ghatam, served a dual purpose. It not only provided structural integrity but also contributed to the Hang’s distinctive sonic character. The Gu acted as a resonating chamber, adding depth and dimension to the notes played on the Ding. This combination of the Ding and Gu created a sound that was both ethereal and grounding, a sound that resonated with musicians and listeners alike. The Hang’s introduction marked a pivotal moment in the world of handpans, setting the stage for a new era of musical exploration and innovation.

An example of a fantastic use of Gu

The Evolution of Handpans

The handpan’s journey from its inception as the Hang to its current status as a globally recognized musical instrument is a story of artistic evolution and international collaboration. As the Hang began to captivate musicians and audiences with its unique sound and design, it sparked a worldwide fascination. This growing interest in the Hang soon transcended its Swiss origins, inspiring artisans and musicians around the globe.

In the wake of the Hang’s success, numerous handpan makers emerged, each bringing their unique perspective and cultural influences to the craft. A notable figure in this burgeoning community was Kyle Cox of Pantheon Steel. Cox, along with other skilled artisans, began to explore the potential of the handpan, experimenting with different materials, designs, and tuning methods. This period of innovation led to the creation of handpans that were not just musical instruments but also works of art, reflecting the individual maker’s craftsmanship and artistic vision.

Each handpan was tuned to a specific musical scale, but the variety was vast. Makers experimented with scales ranging from the familiar harmonic minor to more exotic and lesser-known scales. This diversity in tuning allowed for a wide range of emotional expressions, enabling musicians to explore different moods and atmospheres. The handpan became not just an instrument for creating melodies but a tool for storytelling, capable of conveying a spectrum of feelings from melancholy and introspection to joy and exhilaration.

The evolution of handpans also saw the instrument’s adoption in various musical genres and cultural contexts. From intimate solo performances to collaborative sessions blending different musical traditions, the handpan’s versatility shone through. This period of growth and exploration significantly enriched the handpan world, establishing it as a dynamic and evolving art form. The global handpan community, with its diverse array of makers and players, continues to thrive, driven by a shared passion for the instrument’s unique sound and the endless possibilities it offers for musical expression.

Group Handpan playing.

The Art of Playing the Handpan: A Harmonic Experience

The art of playing the handpan is as unique and captivating as the instrument itself. It offers an intimate, tactile experience that sets it apart from traditional percussion instruments. Unlike drums that are often played with sticks or mallets, handpans are played by hand. This direct contact creates a profound connection between the player and the instrument, allowing for a deeply personal and expressive musical experience. The warmth of the hands and the sensitivity of the fingertips bring out the subtle nuances in the handpan’s sound, making each performance unique.

The technique of playing the handpan is as much about feeling as it is about skill.

It typically involves a combination of gentle taps, strokes, and caresses, each contributing to the instrument’s distinctive sound. The touch is light yet precise, akin to playing a keyboard or strumming a harp. This playing style produces a range of sounds – from clear, bell-like tones to deeper, resonant echoes. The sound can be reminiscent of raindrops gently hitting a surface, creating a soothing, meditative atmosphere. This versatility allows the handpan to be both a lead and a supporting instrument, adaptable to solo performances as well as ensemble pieces.

One of the most appealing aspects of the handpan is its accessibility. Unlike many musical instruments, playing the handpan does not require a background in music theory. This openness makes it an inviting choice for beginners and seasoned musicians alike. The handpan encourages experimentation and improvisation, inviting players to explore and create their melodies and rhythms. This ease of play, combined with the instrument’s rich, harmonic sound, makes the handpan a popular choice for music therapy, meditation, and relaxation practices.

The handpan’s approachable nature has fostered a vibrant community of players worldwide. From impromptu gatherings in parks to organized handpan workshops and festivals, enthusiasts share techniques, compositions, and experiences. This communal aspect adds another layer to the handpan experience, making it not just an instrument for personal enjoyment but also a means of connecting with others through the universal language of music. The art of playing the handpan, therefore, is more than just a musical endeavor; it’s a journey into a world of harmony, creativity, and community.

Handpans in Modern Culture: More Than Just an Instrument

In the tapestry of modern culture, handpans have woven a unique and colorful thread, transcending their role as mere musical instruments. They have become a symbol of harmony and healing, resonating not only in concert halls and music studios but also in spaces dedicated to well-being and personal growth. The handpan’s journey into these diverse realms highlights its versatility and the profound impact it can have on the human spirit.

In the realm of therapy, handpans have emerged as a powerful tool for music therapists. Their calming, hypnotic sound has proven to be exceptionally effective in promoting relaxation and reducing stress. The ethereal tones of the handpan can facilitate deep meditation, helping individuals to achieve a state of mindfulness and tranquility. This quality makes handpans particularly valuable in therapeutic settings, where they are used to aid in emotional healing, mental health treatment, and holistic wellness practices. The instrument’s soothing timbre and the rhythmic flow of its music can help to alleviate anxiety, foster emotional release, and encourage a sense of inner peace.

The influence of handpans in modern culture extends to the digital realm as well. Online platforms and social media have played a significant role in spreading awareness of the handpan, allowing enthusiasts to share their music, experiences, and knowledge with a global audience.

Choosing a Quality Handpan: What to Look For

Selecting the right handpan is a crucial step in your musical journey, akin to finding a musical companion that resonates with your soul. When embarking on the quest for the perfect handpan, there are several key factors to consider, each playing a pivotal role in the overall quality and playability of the instrument.

Material and Craftsmanship

The material from which a handpan is made significantly influences its sound quality and durability. High-grade steel is commonly used, known for its ability to produce a clear, vibrant tone. The thickness and treatment of the steel also affect the sound; thinner materials often result in a more resonant and sensitive instrument. Additionally, the craftsmanship involved in shaping and tuning the handpan is paramount. Look for handpans that are meticulously crafted, with smooth surfaces and well-defined tone fields. The attention to detail in the construction process is a hallmark of a high-quality handpan.

Tuning Stability

Tuning stability is another critical aspect. A well-tuned handpan should maintain its pitch even after prolonged playing. This stability ensures that the instrument will continue to produce the intended harmonic and melodic sounds over time. Handpans are sensitive to temperature and humidity changes, so a quality instrument should be resilient to these environmental factors to some extent. Renowned makers like Pantheon Steel and Echo Sound Sculpture are known for their precision in tuning, ensuring that each note resonates clearly and harmoniously with the others.

The creation of a handpan at Pantheon Steel

Maker’s Reputation

The reputation of the handpan maker is a testament to the quality of their instruments. Established makers have a track record of producing handpans that meet high standards of sound quality and durability. Researching and reading reviews from other handpan players can provide valuable insights into the reliability and performance of different makers’ instruments. Here is a huge Directory of Handpan Makers.

Personal Connection

Finally, the personal connection you feel with a handpan should not be underestimated. Each handpan has its unique character and voice. When choosing an instrument, consider how it resonates with you personally. The right handpan should feel like an extension of your musical expression, a companion that complements and enhances your creative journey.

The Scale

The scale of a handpan is a critical aspect to consider when choosing your instrument, as it determines the mood, style, and range of music you can play. Different scales offer unique soundscapes and emotional tones, ranging from joyful and uplifting to melancholic and introspective. It’s essential to select a scale that resonates with your personal musical taste and the type of music you intend to create.

Additionally, the scale can influence the versatility of the instrument, with some scales being more suited for solo play, while others blend well in ensemble settings. Ultimately, the right scale can deeply enhance your connection with the instrument and enrich your playing experience.

When selecting a handpan scale that suits your preferences, watching YouTube videos can be incredibly helpful.


The handpan is more than just a drum; it’s a portal to a world of sound and rhythm. Whether you’re a seasoned musician or a curious newcomer, the handpan offers a unique experience. Its hypnotic sound, rich history, and the joy of playing make the handpan a beloved instrument in the global music community. So why not explore the world of handpans and discover the magic for yourself?